Chapter 26. Internet

Table of Contents

26.1. smpppd as Dial-up Assistant
26.2. Configuring an ADSL or T-DSL Connection
26.3. Proxy Server: Squid


The Internet has become the number one platform for network communications worldwide. As a true network system, Linux can handle a broad range of Internet related tasks — both as a server and as a client system. This chapter discusses some of the topics relevant to the Internet: the configuration of the smpppd (the SUSE Meta PPP Daemon), the manual configuration of ADSL access, and the configuration of the Squid proxy.

26.1. smpppd as Dial-up Assistant

26.1.1. Program Components for the Internet Dial-Up

Most home users do not have a dedicated line connecting them to the Internet. Rather, they use dial-up connections. Depending on the dial-up method (ISDN or DSL), the connection is controlled by ipppd or pppd. Basically, all that needs to be done to go online is to start these programs correctly.

If you have a flat-rate connection that does not generate any additional costs for the dial-up connection, simply start the respective daemon. Control the dial-up connection with a KDE applet or a command-line interface. If the Internet gateway is not the host you are using, you might want to control the dial-up connection by way of a network host.

This is where smpppd is involved. It provides a uniform interface for auxiliary programs and acts in two directions. First, it programs the required pppd or ipppd and controls its dial-up properties. Second, it makes various providers available to the user programs and transmits information about the current status of the connection. As smpppd can also be controlled by way of the network, it is suitable for controlling dial-up connections to the Internet from a workstation in a private subnetwork.

26.1.2. Configuring smpppd

The connections provided by smpppd are automatically configured by YaST. The actual dial-up programs kinternet and cinternet are also preconfigured. Manual settings are only required to configure additional features of smpppd, such as remote control.

The configuration file of smpppd is /etc/smpppd.conf. By default, it does not enable remote control. The most important options of this configuration file are:

open-inet-socket = <yes|no>

To control smpppd via the network, this option must be set to yes. The port on which smpppd listens is 3185. If this parameter is set to yes, the parameters bind-address, host-range, and password should also be set accordingly.

bind-address = <ip>

If a host has several IP addresses, use this parameter to determine at which IP address smpppd should accept connections.

host-range = <min ip> <max ip>

The parameter host-range defines a network range. Hosts whose IP addresses are within this range are granted access to smpppd. All hosts not within this range are denied access.

password = <password>

By assigning a password, limit the clients to authorized hosts. As this is a plain-text password, you should not overrate the security it provides. If no password is assigned, all clients are permitted to access smpppd.

slp-register = <yes|no>

With this parameter, the smpppd service can be announced in the network via SLP.

More information about smpppd is available in man 8 smpppd and man 5 smpppd.conf.

26.1.3.  Configuring kinternet, cinternet, and qinternet for Remote Use

kinternet, cinternet, and qinternet can be used locally as well as to control a remote smpppd. cinternet is the command-line counterpart of the graphical kinternet. To prepare these utilities for use with a remote smpppd, edit the configuration file /etc/smpppd-c.conf manually or using kinternet. This file only uses three options:

sites = <list of sites>

Here, tell the front-ends where to search for smpppd. The front-ends test the options in the order specified here. The option local orders the establishment of a connection to the local smpppd. gateway points to an smpppd on the gateway. The connection should be established as specified under server in config-file. slp orders the front-ends to connect to an smpppd found via SLP.

server = <server>

Here, specify the host on which smpppd runs.

password = <password>

Insert the password selected for smpppd.

If smpppd is active, you can now try to access it, for example, with cinternet --verbose --interface-list. If you experience difficulties at this point, refer to man 5 smpppd-c.conf and man 8 cinternet.