The GNOME desktop can be customized according to your preferences and needs. Click the Nautilus by right-clicking the desktop then selecting . Under , enter preferences://. Open the various configuration dialogs by double-clicking the respective icons.icon on the desktop. If this icon is not visible, start
In the individual modules, access specific help for the options with. The system immediately adopts every change made in a configuration module.
In the “Accessibility”.module, determine settings such as the repeat rate and sound events associated with your keyboard. The module consists of the and tabs. Use the tab to configure of an audio signal for your keyboard. For audible notification when a wrong key is pressed, activate the corresponding radio button. Exit the module with or go the accessibility module with . The functionality of this module is described in Section
The mouse configuration consists of three tabs:, , and . The configuration options of the tab refer to the . Left-handed users should activate to swap the right and left mouse buttons. Use the slider to determine the maximum delay (in seconds) between two clicks that the system should interpret as a double-click.
The appearance and size of the cursor can be changed under thetab. Four different settings are available. Changes are not activated until the next login. Under , activate an option that causes the cursor to be highlighted when you press the Ctrl key, enabling you to find it easily.
Under, set the and of the screen cursor.
The settings in this module affect the menus and toolbars of all GNOME-compatible applications. Centrally control all GNOME toolbars from here. Select for toolbar icons to be displayed as, , , or . The default setting is .
Activateto allow the detachment of the toolbar from all other window elements and allow its free positioning on the desktop. This makes a grabbing area appear on the left side of the toolbar. Clicking and holding this area relocates the toolbar.
Every menu entry in any application menu can be displayed with the corresponding icon. Activatingtests the settings with the provided example menu.
The module for configuring the screensaver is subdivided into two tabs:and . Select the screensaver in . The tab contains a few special options that normally do not need to be modified.
Select the screen saver mode under thetab. Choose from (random selection of screen savers from a custom-defined list), , , or .
Select one or more screensavers from the list for the operating modesor . The currently selected screensaver is displayed in the small preview window. The button launches a fullscreen preview run of that screensaver, which can be aborted by pressing any key. Select the previous or following screensaver for preview by clicking the corresponding triangles below the selection list.
In the last step, determine after how long the screen should be made completely black (), the screen saver module should be changed ( ), or the screen should be locked ( ). All time references are given in minutes.
This module controls the behavior of application windows. Determine how the window should react to contact with the mouse pointer or to double-clicks on its title and define the key to hold for moving an application window.
When several application windows populate the desktop, the active one, by default, is the one last clicked. Change this behavior by activating. If desired, activate and adjust the latency time with the slider. This activates a window only when the cursor was placed within the window for a time exceeding the set latency.
Application windows can be shaded by double-clicking the title bar, leaving only the title bar visible. This saves space on the desktop and is the default behavior. It is alternatively possible to set windows to maximize when the title bar is double-clicked.
With the radio buttons, select the modifier key to press for moving a window. The possible choices are Ctrl, Alt, and the Windows key.
Determine a background for your desktop. By default, the changes made here are applied to all virtual desktop. If you do not want any background picture, clickand define a background style. The drop-down menu offers a horizontal gradient, a vertical gradient, or no gradient at all. Use to define the desired colors in the color editor.
To use an image file as a background picture, drag and drop it from the file manager to thefield in the module dialog. Alternatively, click to open a dialog in which to select the desired image.
determines what processing steps should be applied to the selected image to adapt it optimally to the current screen resolution. The options are , , , and .
This module determines the font to use for the desktop. In a second step, enable optional effects for the improvement of the font quality. The upper part of the dialog window features four buttons holding the fonts selected for, , , and . Click one of the buttons to open a selection dialog in which to set the font family, style, and size. The options for and the additional configuration options accessible through are set to optimal values by default.
The style for all control elements on the desktop and of GNOME applications is set here. There is a choice of various preinstalled themes. Selecting a style in the list overview makes GNOME apply it automatically.opens another dialog in which to customize the style of single desktop elements, like window content, window borders, and icons. Making changes and leaving the dialog with switches the theme to . Click to save your modified theme under a custom name. The Internet and other sources provide many additional themes for GNOME as .tar.gz files. Install these with .
The settings of this module facilitate the use of the keyboard for users with motion impairments. The module consists of the three tabs, , and . Before modifying settings, activate .
The keyboard accessibility functions can be deactivated automatically after a certain time. Set an appropriate time limit measured in seconds with the slider. The system can additionally provide audible feedback when the keyboard accessibility functions are activated and deactivated.
Some keyboard shortcuts require that one key is kept pressed constantly (this applies to Alt, Ctrl or Shift) while the rest of the shortcut is typed. When “sticky” keys are used, the system regards those keys as pressed after being hit once. For an audible feedback generated each time a modifier key (Ctrl or Alt) is pressed, activate . If is selected, the keys do not stick anymore once two keys are pressed simultaneously. The system then assumes that the keyboard shortcut has been completely entered.
Activateto make settings with sliders for and . This determines how long a key must be pressed for the automatic keyboard repeat function to be activated and at what speed the characters are then typed.
Test the effect of the settings in the field at the bottom of the dialog window. Choose parameters that reflect your normal typing habits.
To prevent accidental typing, set a minimum time limit that a key must be pressed and held before it is recognized as valid input by the system. Also determine whether audible feedback should be provided for keypress events, accepted keypresses, and the rejection of a keypress.
To prevent double typing, set a minimum time limit for accepting two subsequent keypress events of the same key as the input of two individual characters. If desired, activate audible feedback upon rejection of a keypress event.
It is possible to request audible feedback from the system when a keycap modifier key is pressed.
Activates the keyboard mouse — the mouse pointer is controlled with the arrow keys of the number pad. Use the sliders to set the maximum speed of the mouse pointer, the acceleration time until the maximum speed is reached, and the latency between the pressing of a key and the cursor movement.
This module is used for managing global keyboard combinations. It is possible to determine the keyboard combinations to use during text input and those for objects on the desktop.
The list overview window displays a list of all currently available actions along with their keyboard shortcuts. Deactivate or change a keyboard shortcut by clicking the corresponding shortcut entry. Then enter a new shortcut or delete the current one with Delete. All changes take effect immediately. Restore the current keyboard shortcut by clicking its entry and leaving the dialog with.
This module allows the association of certain system events and application alerts with characteristic audio signals. The dialog box consists of two tabs (and ). The two check boxes in the tab must be activated to use audio signals for certain desktop events.
In the second tab, determine which events and application alerts should be associated with which sounds. All sound associations already defined for applications are listed. Test a sound by first selecting the corresponding notice in thecolumn then clicking . Change the sound by clicking then . The dialog that appears provides a list of files from which to choose. Close it with .